Repeatability quantification of brain diffusion-weighted imaging for future clinical implementation at a low-field MR-linac


Longitudinal assessments of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) derived from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) during intracranial radiotherapy at magnetic resonance imaging-guided linear accelerators (MR-linacs) could enable early response assessment by tracking tumor diffusivity changes. However, DWI pulse sequences are currently unavailable in clinical practice at low-field MR-linacs. Quantifying the in vivo repeatability of ADC measurements is a crucial step towards clinical implementation of DWI sequences but has not yet been reported on for low-field MR-linacs. This study assessed ADC measurement repeatability in a phantom and in vivo at a 0.35 T MR-linac.

Radiation Oncology